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Numerology and the Aspects (Part One)

Numerology and the Aspects (Part One)

Welcome to the latest Raphael’s Newsletter, bringing added depth to features on astrology, and valuable information to the art of forecasting. In this edition, there is a repeat link to a Free Ebook by one of the major influences on 20th century astrology, Alan Leo. This is his The Progressed Horoscope, first published in 1906. Also, there is a main feature on what’s happening in the UK with regard to Brexit – what are the cosmic indications during the negotiation period and does astrology suggest we might even rejoin the European Union? 

 Plus, we have extended tables of planetary information to include daily transits of personal planets, minor planets – including the asteroids – and the Void of Course Moon. The next thirty days’ planetary phenomena is now listed at the end of the Newsletter. (The times are in ET – Ephemeris Time – which is virtually the same as GMT, in most cases differing only by 3 seconds of arc.)



In order to really understand and use astrological aspects – which derive their characteristics from how the 360º zodiac is divided – a grounding in numerological principles can be an enlightening thing. Some early Greek philosophers and mathematicians, like Pythagoras of Samos (c. 570–495 BC) and his near contemporary Heraclitus (c. 535 – c. 475 BC) taught that the power of Number was at work everywhere. That is, Numbers are the key to how the Universe really operates; this is essentially how things ultimately happen in the manifest world, evidence – one might say – of a secret order to the phenomenal world. This is something astrologers generally take for granted, but – just to pose an obvious question – didn’t we simply invent numbers? Or did we discover them? Charles Kent Domney, in his paper on Jungian archetypes and Platonic forms, says that rather than our creating them, it is

‘equally possible that numbers were found or discovered. In that case they are not only concepts but something more – autonomous entities which somehow contain more than just quantities. Unlike concepts, they are based not on any psychic conditions but on the quality of being themselves, on a “so-ness” that cannot be expressed by an intellectual concept. Under these conditions they might easily be endowed with qualities that have still to be discovered. I must confess that I incline to the view that numbers were as much found as invented, and that in consequence they possess a relative autonomy analogous to that of the archetypes. They would then have, in common with the latter, the quality of being pre-existent to consciousness, and hence, on occasion, of conditioning it rather than being conditioned by it.’ 1

It may surprise readers to know that some modern scientists acknowledge the presence of this secret order of archetypes, too – universal and ‘found’ mathematical rules they call ‘laws of nature’. (For the late physicist Heinz Pagels, a ‘cosmic code’.) The cosmologist Max Tegmark says that maths is a kind of ‘master key’ to understanding the Universe itself. Various equations describe how natural phenomena behave (light or gravity, or atoms, say) and they elegantly ‘capture the essence’ of what’s going on in this highly complex world. He reminds us of Galileo who wrote that nature seems to be a book written in the language of maths, and that it doesn’t just describe our Universe, it is our Universe: a ‘giant mathematical structure that we’re a part of,’ as Tegmark puts it. He invokes Plato, too, describing the Universe as a ‘mathematical object’ existing ‘in a Platonic sense’, not so much in space and time but the other way around: space and time exist in it. On this showing, numbers are no invention of a human mind for the purpose of mathematical calculation. They are already embedded in Nature, or as Pythagoras put it: ‘number is all things’:

‘Pythagoras’ … predilection for mathematical studies led him to trace the origin of all things to number, this theory being suggested, or at all events confirmed, by the observation of various numerical relations, or analogies to them, in the phenomena of the universe … [The] Pythagoreans … regarded the principles of numbers as the absolute principles of things; keeping true to the common maxim of the ancient philosophy, that like takes cognisance of like.’ 2

For Pythagoras, numbers were not simply the building blocks of Life – but something which possess actual traits. In other words, not only a means of counting objects (quantity), but a way of expressing the archetypal characteristics of nature (quality). In fact, the Pythagoreans (the later disciples of his teachings) went farther than this, for – according to Plutarch – they ‘honour even numbers and geometrical diagrams with the names and titles of the gods.’


‘The One’ and the Conjunction

As Aristotle once explained about the Pythagorean system, everything emanates ‘from the One; and the whole heaven, as has been said, is numbers.’3 This is the same as when Heraclitus declared that: ‘It is wise for those who hear, not me, but the universal Reason, to confess that all things are one.’ The ‘One’ here, it should be noted, is not quite like the number one we use in modern life, but a way of expressing the principle of wholeness and totality, the original single ‘stuff’ from which everything else in the Universe is really made (like, say, the ‘quantum field’ of the modern physicist that underlies the manifest world). This idea of an ultimate nature of something can be likened to the notion of a seed containing the future destiny of the plant or tree that will eventually appear. This is teleology (derived mostly from Aristotelian philosophy) by which is meant that organisms have a certain ‘goal’ or ‘purpose’ in mind as soon as they begin to grow. The acorn, for example, ‘contains’ the telos (the ‘end cause’) of the oak tree, which means we’re talking about a self subsistent Unity whose goal is to express its ‘ultimate nature’ as an oak tree.

And so we derive our idea of Oneness in numerology from this principle of totality, a self-sufficient state where things are as yet undivided. This, effectively, is what lies behind the conjunction in astrology. The principle of the One was later taken up by the NeoPlatonist thinker Plotinus who

‘taught that there is a supreme, totally transcendent “One”, containing no division, multiplicity or distinction; beyond all categories of being and non-being. His “One” “cannot be any existing thing” … Rather, if we insist on describing it further, we must call the One a sheer potentiality (dynamis) or without which nothing could exist.’4

Actually, what Plotinus is describing here is more like the symbolism of zero, nought, the Great Unmanifest. or That-With-The-Power-To-Exist. A mathematically perfect conjunction of two planets along the ecliptic would occur at 0 degrees, though the philosophers and mathematicians of Ancient Greece seemed to have little use for the concept of ‘zero’. Applied to astrology, however, it is ripe with symbolic meaning, and indicates the power of potential. Even the shape of the character suggests the cosmic egg of myth, symbolising something about to be born! This is why conjunctions have such power in astrology. There is almost nothing to interpret about it, except to understand that the two planets involved are powerfully fused together, whether compatible or not. Either way, a tremendous energy is brought to bear with this forging together of these two essences, and a person will strongly embody those qualities in a lifetime. That is, these energies play a huge role in their life, whether or not this is consciously acknowledged.


‘Two-ness’ And The Opposition

According to the esoteric author Manly Palmer Hall, ‘the Pythagoreans revered the Monad but despised the Duad, because it was the symbol of polarity.’ 5 The Monad referred to here is The One, and the Duad, or Two, was not only despised but feared. Aldous Huxley, in his Perennial Philosophy, takes up this theme when he writes, ‘how significant it is that in the Indo-European languages … the root meaning “two” should connote badness. The Greek prefix dys- (as in dyspepsia) and the Latin dis- (as in dishonourable) are both derived from “duo”. The Pythagoreans feared the Duad since One dividing into Two meant that the original Unity and Purity of the former had been lost. Thus we encounter a duality, ‘otherness’, potential conflicts, difference and the archetypal realm of Opposites: day/night; black/ white; up/down; beauty/ugliness; positive/negative; yin and yang.

The total Self (symbolised by The One or the Monad) begets the Not Self, the Other. This of course, has to happen, otherwise life cannot come into being at all; creation and evolution cannot proceed on their journey without division. In the biological world, this process of things dividing and splitting asunder is commonplace – our cells do it all of the time. (Which brings to mind that we were once an egg in the womb – Monad – which then divided.) In Geometry, the One can be symbolised by the circle (eternity, fullness) whereas Two has it divided into semi-circles. The line which does this now resembles an aspect line – the opposition. Said another way, a dot (One) extended into a line now has two opposite ends.

Either way, the original undivided entity of the conjunction, or One, now gets to see itself in the mirror, thereby gaining greater consciousness. Knowing how you are different from another tells you something about yourself and your innate potential. Like the severing of the umbilical cord from the mother at birth, your world has divided into two and you are no longer identified with the darkness and self sufficiency of the maternal womb.

This idea of ‘mirroring’ obviously has a first-seventh house dynamic to it – the seventh usually interpreted as ‘other people’. But the source is you! The ends of the opposition still belong to the same entity and this is why the opposition in astrology can bring about a deeper awareness of Self. All in all, two planets in opposition generate powerful energies in your life, but much feels that it is coming from ‘the outside’, something happening to you. We are simply projecting a part of our Unconscious on to an appropriate object. It’s up to us to see this clearly.


Trines And The Number Three – The Noblest Of All Digits

Just as with today, where we still have ‘lucky’ or ‘unlucky’ numbers, the first categorisation in ancient Greece was the division into ‘odd’ and ‘even’ (or male and female) numbers. This concept goes back to the Pythagoreans who, as Aristotle noted ‘consider that number is the principle both as matter for things and as forming both their modifications and their permanent states, and hold that the elements of number are the even and the odd, and that of these, the latter is limited, and the former unlimited.’ The first of the odd or masculine numbers was Three – which the Pythagoreans called the ‘triad’, the noblest of all digits! As Manly P, Hall explains ‘it is the first equilibrium of unities …The keywords to the qualities of the triad are friendship, peace, justice, prudence, piety, temperance, and virtue.’6

This principle is easy to see when we consider the potential struggle and conflicts inherent in the opposition – by adding an extra one to this duality we change the dynamic completely. The extremes of right versus left, or black versus white, now have something occupying the centre ground, offering moderation, a third party that can arbitrate between the other two opposite ends. This potential for harmony and general goodness in the number three has symbolic resonances – in the three gifts at Jesus’ birth, the three Graces in Greek myth and three treasures or basic virtues in Taoism. Three is a recurring motif in almost all Western folklore – let’s not forget making three wishes, and the belief that luck comes in threes. Then there are the three virtues of Humata, Hukhta and Huvarshta (Good Thoughts, Good Words and Good Deeds) which are a fundamental tenet in Zoroastrianism. Plus there are the three essential stages of alchemy which lead to spiritual perfection.

‘Threeness’, then, has the qualities of harmony – the ability to reach out and make a positive connection with the world. Dividing the zodiac by three gives us 120 degrees – the so called Trine aspect, well known among astrologers as ‘easy’ and ‘beneficial’. There is often a Jupiterian connotation too, as the trine on a birth chart can manifest a sense of expansion, momentum and unimpeded flow towards one’s target. The first perfect geometric form that can be made with three sides of the same length is the equilateral triangle – implying harmony and proportion. For example, two planets in trine will also be linked via the same element: if I have the sun in an earth sign, a planet in trine to it will be in one of the other earth signs. One planet is quite agreeable to the other, therefore. Being ‘in harmony’ with life is what this aspect is really about.


Number Four And A Square Deal

In Alonna Liabenow’s undergraduate research paper on number symbolism, she quotes anthropologist A.W. Buckland on his research of Native American tribes, and the recurring number four. He says: “I found myself constantly confronted with the fact, that, amongst almost all the Red Indian tribes, the number four and its multiples had a sacred significance, having special reference to the cardinal points and to the wind s which blow from them; the sign and symbol of this quadruple nature.’ This is because, as Liabenow herself acknowledges: Four is the number closest to nature –the cardinal directions and the seasons’.7
In the ancient, Western world, four meant precisely the same: the natural realm. The Pythagoreans called Four the tetrad, or the ‘primogenial number, the root of all things, the fountain of Nature and the most perfect number.’ The idea that ‘fourness’ is a very obvious ‘fact’ of nature – four compass points, seasons, elements, quarters of the moon, corners of the earth – meant for the ancients a sense of being ‘contained’ in an orderly and rational Universe fashioned by God. (This was, indeed, Plato’s outlook on the world.) This ‘containment’ is implied in the second perfect geometrical form – the square, made of four equal length sides, with regular corners of 90 degrees. In nature, if things get out of balance, order is eventually be restored – this is what the Pythagoreans meant when they assigned the keyword ‘justice’ to Four. And if – by justice – we mean the determination of rights and how rewards or punishments are assigned, then we also have an appropriate planet associated with Four: Saturn.
‘Fourness’ relates, as we’ve seen, to nature, to the Earth, and how we find or understand our place in it. As we’ve also noted – with its geometrical form as a square or equal-armed cross – it suggests the principle of containment, connecting it to the Saturnian principle of limitation. There is a type of harmony here (like the triangle) but in the square it somehow feels ‘forced’ – there is order and regularity, yet repression! Indeed, the square aspect (derived from dividing the circle into four (4x 90 = 360) has that quality of Saturnian resistance – as if the planets involved are doing just that to each other!

I have said elsewhere, however, that I don’t hold with the traditional ‘good and bad’ interpretations of certain aspects (as found in much of Vedic astrology). For me, the difficulties encountered with the square (and opposition) stem from the amount of tension generated by being unable to express it. As astrologers we learn there is a certain amount of friction involved with ‘hard’ aspects – and friction leads to tension. The tension must then find a means of release. When it cannot find a natural outlet ‘bad’ things happen! (Depending on the planets involved, of course.)

In part two I shall discuss the numbers from 5 to 9, and in doing so cover some of the less familiar aspects in astrology: the Quintile (72º degrees) Septile (51º degrees) and Decile (40º degrees). Along with the sem-sextile (30º), the semi-square (45º) and quincunx (150º) these so-called minor aspects are anything but minor when they are repeated on a birth chart.



Thinking the Unthinkable? Will The UK One Day Rejoin The EU?

Britain is set to leave the European Union at 11pm on Friday 29 March, 2019. The issues at stake here are how much the UK owes the EU, the fate of the Northern Ireland border and what happens to UK citizens living in the EU (not to mention those EU citizens resident in Britain) But the timetable for the negotiations is – at the time of writing (mid. Jan. 2017) – still quite flexible as 2018 looms, The key months are March, June (times of the EU summits) and October. During January 2018, the EU commission will propose recommendations on the transition arrangements that are to be enshrined in the withdrawal agreement. By March, negotiations are supposed to commence on this withdrawal agreement, which will also entail “preliminary and preparatory discussions” on the final deal. Then, in October 2018, we arrive at the deadline for a withdrawal agreement – approval is required now from at least 65% of the European Union (20 countries) population.

This looks very much like talks about future talks, but it has been pointed out by commentators that Brexit talks will not be at all easy or smooth for the UK. Let’s see how the planetary picture (or what astrologer Alex Brocklehurst calls the ‘cosmic choreography’) has to say about this and how the relevant mundane charts are affected. For one, during 2018 as a whole, progressed Venus is exactly opposite Saturn on the Tory chart (the event chart erected for the formation of the Conservative party on April 12th 1868). This bodes unfavourably for general popularity, it must be said, whether at home or abroad. But if we start to narrow things down month-by-month on the Tory chart, we find the progressed moon exactly conjunct Saturn in March, when important negotiations are due to start on the EU withdrawal agreement. This is another suggestion of some kind of stasis, and strong disagreement with concerned parties in entrenched positions. Also, some sense of disappointment in the air.
However, if we look at the transits to the Tory chart, there is early indication of optimism and progress in January when Jupiter conjuncts the sun – surely this will coincide with good news for the Conservatives as they struggle to maintain a positive image.(Think of all the recent in-fighting over Brexit and the eleven Tory ‘rebels’ who voted against their party.) There are more good augurs for the party (and do remember this is really all about the Tories, and not Britain as a whole) in the all important month of October (when the deadline for a withdrawal agreement looms). Jupiter crosses the MC (traditionally an indicator of successful career endeavour) early in that month, which may then mean Britain is ‘on time’ in the general scheme of EU negotiations and ready to move ahead. Naturally, the Tories can claim credit. But when we look at October 2018 for the UK chart we find transiting Saturn’s exact conjunction to the MC – thus suggesting that what is good for the Tories (the Jupiter-MC effect) may not be good for the UK as a whole. Saturn crossing the MC means bearing the weight of heavy responsibility, a reckoning through ‘karma’ and the time to reap one’s just desserts. Or, generally, a tough time imposed by ‘authority’ and the establishment. Austerity writ large.

None of this, of course, says anything about what the overall future impact will be of Brexit – even with a ‘soft’ exit. The transits for the UK chart on the day it is scheduled to leave the EU (March 29th, 2019) show something highly symbolic and resonant: Saturn opposing the moon. This is yet another occasion when Saturn has a prominent role in this whole business of separation, leaving, saying goodbye. Saturn-moon contacts (whether at birth or in transit) are typically unpleasant on an individual birth chart – one typically feels isolated and lonely, emotional needs go unfulfilled and one cannot connect with one’s inner feelings, nor reach out to others. Sometimes, one even makes a virtue of this alienation – pretending not to need others at all. An extremely apposite transit for the UK chart at this time!

Plus, some political commentators opine that Brexit will not only be a massive failure but that the UK will have to rejoin the EU at at later date. According to a Daily Express report in June,

‘Chris Patten has savaged Theresa May’s approach to Brexit and said it will be unsustainable as negotiations with the EU continue. The Conservative member of the House of Lords predicted a humiliating climbdown from the patriotic rhetoric of Brexiteers. He said that Britain will eventually have to beg to be let back into the European bloc since a Hard Brexit would be a “disaster” and soft Brexit makes no sense.’

This, presumably, could not happen without a change of government. Under the fixed-term Parliaments Act of 2011, the next general election in Britain is not scheduled to occur until May 5th, 2022. The progressed chart of the UK for that date shows the moon (in the 4th house, along with the sun) approaching a conjunction with our old friend Saturn – which at the very least indicates the powerful attachment to tradition and the past we saw in the original referendum chart (and why I predicted the UK would leave the EU). It may also mean no change of government, irrespective of whether or not Theresa May is still leading the Tories. Interestingly, there is a Saturn-Saturn opposition (by transit) in late April to the UK chart in 2022, again emphasising ‘security first’, or ‘keep things as they are and don’t risk anything new’. Saturn is ultra cautious! This is in the run up to the scheduled election week (provided that there hasn’t been one already!)

Even the 1066 chart (for England) when progressed for May 5th, 2022, shows a T square involving Saturn, Chiron and Venus (in the 9th house). That two ‘difficult’ planets should square the planet of friendly relations in the house of foreign affairs implies – at the least – some difficulties in getting along with our fellow Europeans. Put another way, this does not sound like an augur of a second referendum on Brexit following a change of government! It sounds just like what Mrs May said it does – Brexit means Brexit!



Alan Leo, born William Frederick Allan, (7 August 1860 –30 August 1917), was a prominent British astrologer, author, publisher, astrological data collector and theosophist. He is often referred to as “the father of modern astrology”. His work stimulated a revival of astrology in the Western world after its Janline at the end of the 17th century. Leo was a devout theosophist and he worked many of its religious concepts such as karma and reincarnation into his astrology. He used the Theosophical Society’s vast international connections to publish, translate and disseminate his work across Europe and America.
Leo is credited with starting the movement towards a more psychologically-oriented horoscope analysis in astrology, being the first astrologer to argue for a loose interpretation of possible trends of experience rather than the specific prediction of events. His influence has been described as marking a ‘turning point’ in horoscope delineation, because, as astrological historian James Holden explains: Thereafter, what has been more recently called “event-oriented” astrology gradually receded in favor of character analysis and vague descriptions of possible areas of psychological harmony or stress.

In 1890, Leo, invited George R.S. Mead to found an occult lodge in Brixton, South London. Towards the end of his life, in 1909, and again in 1911, Leo travelled with his wife to India where he studied Indian astrology. As a result of his studies in India, he later attempted to incorporate portions of Indian astrology into the western astrological model. Leo’s book The Art of Synthesis (1912) was a probable influence on Gustav Holst’s work The Planets. In this book, Leo gave the planets descriptions such as “Mars the Energiser”.

In 1914, aged 54, Leo faced prosecution against the charge that he “did unlawfully pretend to tell fortunes” through astrology. The case was dismissed for lack of evidence, but it led to Leo’s belief that astrology needed to be revised to be legitimised. His advice to fellow astrologers was:

‘Let us part company with the fatalistic astrologer who prides himself on his predictions and who is ever seeking to convince the world that in the predictive side of Astrology alone shall we find its value. We need not argue the point as to its reality, but instead make a much-needed change in the word and call Astrology the science of tendencies.’

In 1915 Leo founded the Astrological Lodge of London. The Progressed Horoscope (London: Fowler 1906) is a digitally restored copy for use with a PDF reader. You may share it with others freely, as it has since passed in to the Public Domain.



These are the major aspects occurring between planets for the period under consideration, together with the dates/times of the Full and New Moons.

Dec 22nd 3:06 AM Sun enters Capricorn

Dec 23rd 1:51 AM Mercury Direct

Dec 25th 5:26 AM Venus enters Capricorn

Dec 29th 5:41 AM Uranus semi-sextile Chiron

Jan 2nd  2:24 AM Full Moon 11° Cancer 38′

Jan 2nd 2:11 PM Uranus Direct

Jan 11th 5:09 AM Mercury enters Capricorn

Jan 16th 4:13 AM Jupiter sextile Pluto

Jan 17th 2:17 AM New Moon26° Capricorn54′

Jan 18th 1:43 PM Venus enters Aquarius


These are the times of the VOC Moon for the period under consideration; the first listed time is when the moon goes void, and the second when it ingresses the next sign. Please note that these are now listed in 24 hr clock format.

Dec 23rd 10:12 Until Dec 23rd 14:42 Pisces

Dec 25th 2:48 Until Dec 26th 0:28 Aries

Dec 27th 20:57 Until Dec 28th 6:23 Taurus

Dec 29th 14:00 Until Dec 30th 8:30 Gemini

Dec 31st 14:00 Until Jan 1st 8:10 Cancer

Jan 2nd 22:45 Until Jan 3rd 7:21 Leo

Jan 4th 23:11 Until Jan 5th 8:12 Virgo

Jan 7th 2:51 Until Jan 7th 12:14 Libra

Jan 9th 16:12 Until Jan 9th 20:04 Scorpio

Jan 11th 14:53 Until Jan 12th 7:04 Sagittarius

Jan 14th 8:48 Until Jan 14th 19:42 Capricorn

Jan 17th 6:30 Until Jan 17th 8:32 Aquarius

Jan 19th 11:52 Until Jan 18th 20:25 Pisces


The Centaurs

The so called Kuiper Belt was discovered in 1992, named after the Dutch astronomer Gerald Kuiper (d. 1973) whose calculations had indicated its existence. It entails, perhaps, billions of tiny celestial bodies, some of which are now our ‘Centaur’ family in astrology. The most popular of these (and one which is being used regularly in chart interpretation) is Chiron. Many other Centaur planets, however, are now on the researcher’s radar – and some have been included here in this small ephemeris. We will be looking in more detail at what individual Centaurs actually mean on a birth chart in future editions of the Newsletter, but collectively – according to Juan Antonio Revilla –‘they represent raw impulses and needs in man that clash with the normal order of things … making us face a lost part of ourselves, so that the experience becomes both intense and healing, making us more whole.’ This means they are about digging deep inside of our soul and accepting that we’re not perfect – that we all contain the flaws, scars and wounds that Chiron (and the other Centaurs) symbolise. In the end, they are ultimately about, as Revilla says, self healing and becoming whole, but the journey has to begin with self-acceptance.

                       Short Centaur Ephemeris

             Chiron  Pholus Nessus  Asbolus Chariklo Hylonome

17 Dec   24Pi23 28Sa38 4Pi35  15Ge34  12Cp56    7Cp18

27 Dec   24Pi32 29Sa02 4Pi48  15Ge09  13Cp39    7Cp47

06 Jan    24Pi46 29Sa26 5Pi04  14Ge46  14Cp24    8Cp16

16 Jan    25Pi06 29Sa49 5Pi22  14Ge26  15Cp08    8Cp44

26 Jan    25Pi29 0Cp10 5Pi43    14Ge10  15Cp51    9Cp12

The Asteroids

The small cosmic bodies that make up the so called asteroid belt have been know to astrologers for a long time. They were first discovered in the early nineteenth century, and the more common of these (the first four discovered) were named after female deities in Gerek myth: Ceres (the goddess of the harvest), Pallas (a synonym for the Goodess of wisdom, Athene), Juno (the partner of Zeus/Jupiter) and the hearth goddess, Vesta. It should be noted, too, that Ceres (discovered in 1801) was upgraded to a minor planet in 2006.

                          Short Asteroid Ephemeris

                    Ceres    Pallas    Juno     Vesta

23 Dec 2017       18Le        04 25Ar13  2Aq29     18Sc41

27 Dec 2017       17Le50    25Ar29      4Aq07      20Sc40

31 Dec                17 Le29   25Ar55      5Aq46      22Sc38

1 Jan 2018           17 Le23  26Ar02      6Aq11      23Sc08

4 Jan 2018           17Le02    26Ar28     7Aq26       24Sc36

7 Jan 2018          16Le37    26Ar59      8Aq42      26Sc04

10 Jan 2018        16Le09     27Ar33     9Aq58      27Sc31       

13 Jan 2018        15Le37    28Ar12      11Aq16    28Sc57

16 Jan 2018        15Le03    28Ar55      12Aq33    0Sa23

19 Jan 2018        14Le26    29Ar42      13Aq52    1Sa48


1. Dominey, ‘Archetype And Idea: Some Points Of Correspondence Between Jung’s Theory of Archetypes and Plato’s Theory Of Forms’
2. Smith, William, Dictionary Of Greek And Roman Biography And Mythology, 1870. (p. 620).
3. Aristotle, Metaphysics, Book 1, Part 5
4. Wikipedia
5. Hall, Manly P., “The Secret Teachings of All Ages,” 1928
6. ibid
7. Liabenow, Alonna, “The Significance of the Numbers Three, Four, and Seven in Fairy Tales, Folklore, and Mythology” (2014). Honors Projects. 418.

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