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Uranus: Radicalism and Revolution

Uranus: Radicalism and Revolution

Welcome to the latest Raphael’s Newsletter, bringing added depth to features on astrology, and valuable information to the art of forecasting. In this edition, there is a link to a Free Ebook by one of the major influences on 20th century astrology, Alan Leo. This is his The Progressed Horoscope, first published in 1906. Also, there is a feature on the Big Three, and the archetypal effects that were created around the world on their discovery.

Plus, we have the latest look at what’s happening with transits in mundane astrology, together with extended tables of planetary information to include daily transits of personal planets, minor planets – including the asteroids – and the Void of Course Moon. The next thirty days’ planetary phenomena is now listed at the end of the Newsletter. (The times are in ET – Ephemeris Time – which is virtually the same as GMT, in most cases differing only by 3 seconds of arc.)



All good astrologers are aware of a phenomenon which occurs several years either side of the discovery of a new planet: events containing the archetypal meanings of the planet concerned somehow break through into everyday life. Whether this is some new invention, philosophy, scientific discovery, a social/political or economic movement, or just some fad that may be immensely popular at the time (and may even disappear with time!), the symbolism of the planet is refracted through actual history. There is a much broader theme at work – for as the Collective Unconscious continues its historical, archetypal journey of awakening, culturally resonant examples through art, society, politics, science etc. are bound to emerge. It will happen in the future, too, when we collectively decide that this or that new planetary symbol has some real meaning in our world. (Arguably, this has already happened with Chiron.)

However, as astrology has no causal mechanism known to science, there can be no physical ‘force’ behind this phenomenon. Rather, it works as a Synchronistic event – the phenomena is ‘acausal’ and the inner meanings of the archetypes (here, in the form of planets) leak out and resonate in the world at large – so we get the French Revolution when Uranus is discovered, the dawn of photography as Neptune is observed, or the beginnings of nuclear power as Pluto emerges into the collective consciousness.

As with many historical events, those coinciding with the discovery of a planet did not happen in isolation but grew out of previous developments. As such, I normally look to a ‘margin of influence’ of about 20 years either side of the planet’s discovery. This means that we can see emerging developments in the culture, and often how they have culminated. Let’s take a look, then, at what found its way into the world when the Big Three -Uranus Neptune and Pluto – were discovered.


Uranus: Radicalism And Revolution

The discovery of Uranus is normally attributed to the English astronomer Sir William Herschel, who observed it on 13 March 1781 ‘from the garden of his house’ (according to Wikipedia). Astrologers are familiar with the ‘revolutionary’ aspect of Uranus, and true to form, the late eighteenth century saw a Uranian movement writ large in great Britain: Radicalism.

‘During the late 18th-century and early 19th-century identified proponents of democratic reform, in what subsequently became the parliamentary Radical Movement. Historically, Radicalism began in the United Kingdom with political support for a “radical reform” of the electoral system to widen the franchise. Some radicals sought republicanism, abolition of titles, redistribution of property and freedom of the press.’

The Age of Reason, or the Enlightenment of the mid eighteenth century (culminating in the epoch making French and American Revolutions, which bookend the discovery of Uranus), has been described as the birth of new ideas and values centred on human liberty, progress, and opposition to the monarchy. Again, these are all Uranian themes – the attempt to replace an established, often repressive order that is perceived to be no longer beneficial. As the same time, the anti-Establishment ‘secret society’, The Illuminati, emerged which – according to Wikipedia – ‘usually refers to the Bavarian Illuminati, an Enlightenment-era secret society founded on 1 May 1776. The society’s goals were to oppose superstition, obscurantism, religious influence over public life, and abuses of state power. “The order of the day,” they wrote in their general statutes, “is to put an end to the machinations of the purveyors of injustice, to control them without dominating them.”’ Again, the Uranian motifs are not difficult to spot, here. Fittingly, the Illuminati were also outlawed by the Catholic church – the Uranian rebel at odds with the Establishment. As noted, the 18th century had another kind of revolution – the Enlightenment:

‘Central to the intellectual revolution of the Enlightenment was the ambition of creating a science of man. Though it is difficult to speak with certainty about the precise birth of a given discipline, that ”the human and the social sciences, or at least a certain number of them, were born during the eighteenth century” is a largely accepted view. … [an] impetus created by the scientific revolution, with its critical, progressive, and practical program. Natural philosophers from Copernicus to Newton had forged a science of nature. Eighteenth-century thinkers sought to cap this with a science of human nature.’1

This new dependency on science (as opposed to the old teachings of the Church) and its methods also led to new practical technologies. One of the first fruits was the Industrial Revolution in England, when new manufacturing processes were invented and/or developed. Among them were James Hargreaves’ ‘Spinning Jenny’ (1764), Richard Arkwright’s Water Frame (1769) and Samuel Cromptons ‘Spinning Mule’ of 1779. The historian Eric Hobsbawm points to the 1780s for the dawn of the Industrial Revolution, precisely the period when Uranus had just been discovered.


Uranus and The Quest For The Freedom Of The Spirit

The term freedom of the ‘spirit’ conjures up notions about our essential dignity, nobility, our need for personal liberty and about the value of human life. In a more metaphysical sense, ‘freedom of the spirit’ can even refer to the Gnostic belief that there’s a little piece of divinity in each one of us, that we are essentially unique. Uranus is well known in astrology for eccentricity – encouraging the individual to go their own way and be ‘different’. However, unlike the sun (the basic unit of one’s uniqueness), Uranus symbolises how one becomes a kind of ‘agent’ for drastic change and expanded consciousness. But it works on a collective level – the kinds of rebellions the Uranian wants to start take no cognisance of the individual needs of others! I have mentioned elsewhere that the most apt symbol for all of this (in ancient myth) is Prometheus – the rebellious god who had been chained to a rock for the crime of stealing fire from heaven, as a gift to human beings. The fire symbolises the light of creative power, intelligence or even genius, and in one version of the myth the Roman poet Ovid (in Prometheus Bound) asks if Humankind hadn’t been created by Prometheus himself:

Did the Unknown God designing then a better world make man of seed divine?

Or did Prometheus take the new soil of earth (that still contained

some godly element of Heaven’s Life) and use it to create the race of man;

first mingling it with water of new streams so that his new creation, upright man,

was made in image of commanding Gods? On earth the brute creation bends its gaze,

but man was given a lofty countenance and was commanded to behold the skies …2

In other words, he raised man up by bestowing on him the power of intelligent Thought and Intuition, by which means he might one day discover his own true, spiritual source. Like the astrological Uranus, Prometheus is the secret creator of new life, he is the restless spirit, never quite content with the way things are, the aggravated speck of dirt in the oyster which eventually produces the beautiful pearl. He resists every attempt to pigeon-hole him, tame him, make him part of the established order. We can even see this phenomenon in certain individuals, the Promethean-Uranian archetype at work in those who attempt to change society by ‘awakening’ others with their radical, ‘eccentric’ views (which often become part of the mainstream, later on).

One such was Mary Wollstonecraft (1759 – 1797) the writer, philosopher, and advocate of women’s rights, famous for her history of the French Revolution, and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), published shortly after the discovery of Uranus. In it, she set out her view that (contrary to to the received opinion of the time) women are not at all inferior to men, but equal, and made the case for people as essentially rational and reasonable beings, looking ahead to a society based on these very principles. In other words, we are a more ‘highly’ evolved being that we give ourselves credit for – a very Uranian idea.

And there is, in fact, a convoluted Promethean connection between Mary Wollstonecraft and Ovid – her daughter was Mary Shelley, whose most famous novel, Frankenstein, was subtitled The Modern Prometheus. But this is no accident, for her Gothic masterpiece had been inspired by her husband’s poem Prometheus Unbound (inspired by Ovid), part of which has it that the god:

‘gave man speech, and speech created thought.

Which is the measure of the universe;

And science struck the thrones of earth and heaven.

Which shook, but fell not;

and the harmonious mind Poured itself forth in all-prophetic song … 3

The Modern Prometheus, of course, refers not to the monster, but the main character who had decided to play God, the scientist Victor Frankenstein. This ‘playing god’ element is also very Uranian, for the curious human spirit is drawn to all manner of mysteries – in this case, existence itself. Latterday Victor Frankensteins are already here, however – the scientists who insist that Artificial Intelligence will one day be a normal reality, that is, everything we know and experience in the human soul is somehow transferable to a computer chipset. This notion is as deluded as was Victor Frankenstein’s attempt to ‘create life’ from electricity and spare body parts – but that’s Uranus for you!


Neptune: The New Age – Transcendence, Idealism, Illusion

Based on the calculations of French astronomer Urbain Le Verrier, the planet Neptune was finally ‘officially’ observed in 1846. There had been a competing discoverer in the English mathematician/astronomer John Couch Adams, resulting in a long lasting rivalry between the French and the British about who actually deserved credit. This, amazingly, led to an issue that lasted until 1999’s “Neptune papers” (previously lost historical documents) to the Royal Observatory, Greenwich. It was finally announced that ‘Adams does not deserve equal credit with Le Verrier for the discovery of Neptune.’ This unresolved matter is typical of the astrological Neptune, with its elements of mysteriously mislaid manuscripts and confusion as to the real discoverer.

Neptune is associated with what we generally term ‘spirituality’ and religion, though its real archetypal root lies in the experience of the transcendental, and the way in which we – as a collective – reach out for it. One’s man’s chemically induced, mind-altering trip is another’s spiritual awakening, but either way, it is the ‘reality’ of that other dimension of existence that draws us – the spirit plane, the dreamworld, Myth and fantasies, the Unconscious, the etheric and astral planes, Plato’s world of Images and archetypal Forms.

One way of accessing this plane is via spiritual disciplines – yoga, meditation, tantra. However, what we have (up until lately) christened the New Age movement, and now call ‘Mind Body Spirit’ had its genesis shortly before the discovery of Neptune. The rise in popularity for all of those metaphysical beliefs – spawning thousands of books, seminars, courses and lectures (from astrology to Zen) – first started in the mid nineteenth century. The spiritual movement first known under the heading of the New Thought can be dated to the 1830s, and is usually attributed to one Phineas Parkhurst Quimby who is

‘widely recognized as the founder of the New Thought movement. Born in Lebanon, New Hampshire but raised in Belfast, Maine, Quimby learned about the power of the mind to heal through hypnosis when he observed French Mesmerist Charles Poyen’s work. About 1840, Quimby began to practice hypnotism, or mesmerism as it was called … Ralph Waldo Emerson was also influential, as his philosophical movement of transcendentalism [1820’s-30s] is incorporated throughout New Thought, Transcendentalism is the belief that ideal spirituality “transcends” the physical and is realized only through individual intuition, instead of through religion.’

Coincident with the New Thought, indeed with the discovery of Neptune, was Spiritualism, which first appeared in the 1840s in upstate New York. One of its main exponents was Andrew Jackson Davis, a Mesmerist, faith healer and clairvoyant who published The Principles of Nature in 1847. Then there was the Scottish surgeon James Braide, who coined the term ‘hypnotism’ and published his Hypnotic Therapeutics in 1853. As we can see, these are the roots of a broad popular movement that exists to this day, in that they all espouse another, deeper and more fundamental spiritual or psychological Reality. From the early days of Quimby, Prentice Mulford and Wallace Wattles, to the likes of Frank Channing Haddock, Orison Swett Marden, Ernest Shurtleff Holmes, Florence Scovel Shinn and Ralph Waldo Trine, through Norman Vincent Peale,and Napoleon Hill to today’s Anthony Robbins and Rhonda Byrne, they are all essentially singing from the same hymn sheet!.


Neptune and Anaesthesia

Neptune, due to its connotations of transcending the normal, everyday states of consciousness, ‘rules’ just about any drug with the power to alter that consciousness. Hence, recreational drugs like alcohol, marijuana, cocaine and heroin. But Neptune’s discovery also coincides with significant developments in orthodox medicine, in particular the history of Anaesthesia. As anyone undergoing surgery or dentistry knows, an anaesthetic is something which transports us to that comfortingly fuzzy state of awareness, or no conscious awareness at all!

According to Wiki, in 1842 one William Clarke a medical student from New York, ‘etherizes a single patient for a dental extraction. In 1845 Dr. Horace Wells volunteers to inhale nitrous oxide for his own dental extraction … In 1846, the year of Neptune’s discovery, William T. G. Morton made history by being first in the world to publicly and successfully demonstrate the use of ether anesthesia for surgery. In 1847 Prof. James Y. Simpson, a Scottish obstetrician, begins administering chloroform to women for pain during childbirth. Chloroform quickly becomes a popular anesthetic for surgery and dental procedures as well.’


Neptune and Photography

The whole business of recreating life as still images, often highly stylised and idealised images, is very Neptunian. A stunning life-like portrait (that is, a photographic one) impresses us only insofar as it is illusory – in the modern day, an assemblage of tiny colour blocks or ‘pixels’ (for good quality photos containing well over a thousand per inch). In other words, we are seduced (another Neptune word) by something that is not real. The illusion of actual real life, moving in real time, can also brought about in just the same way – at the cinema. The process here, as everyone must know, is that of animation where a succession of still frames are rapidly fed through a lens to create the illusion of movement and animate life. Hollywood cinema as we know it didn’t develop until the early 20th century, which itself had to wait for the advent of the Lumière brothers, August and Louis. In 1895, they screened a motion picture they had made with their new revolutionary invention, a combination camera and projector called the Cinematograph.

However, such possibilities in the word of photography coincide with the discovery of Neptune, earlier in the mid-nineteenth century. Said to be coined from the Greek and meaning ‘drawing with light’, the first known use of the word photography occurred in 1839 (a few years before Neptune was observed), when Louis Daguerre took the earliest confirmed photograph of a person in 1838. It is his name that is at the root of the word Daguerrotype, the first publicly available photographic process ever, and not superseded for another twenty years:

‘The existence of Daguerre’s process was publicly announced, without details, on 7 January 1839. The news created an international sensation. France soon agreed to pay Daguerre a pension in exchange for the right to present his invention to the world as the gift of France, which occurred when complete working instructions were unveiled on 19 August 1839. In that same year, American photographer Robert Cornelius is credited with taking the earliest surviving photographic self-portrait … In 1845 [one year before Neptune’s discovery] Francis Ronalds, the Honorary Director of the Kew Observatory, invented the first successful camera to make continuous recordings of meteorological and geomagnetic parameters.’


Pluto – Death, Rebirth & Going Nuclear!

As it turns out, Pluto’s resonances are rife in the early 20th century, in science, psychology and medicine – many of them coming into focus around the turn of that century. History records that Pluto was discovered by Clyde Tombaugh in 1930, even though twenty fours year before this in 1906, Percival Lowell had already begun looking for this mysterious cosmic body. Lowell’s observatory, in fact, went on seeking with out success until Lowell’s death in 1916, but there is a twist in the tale – for Lowell had in fact already seen it! His surveys caught two faint images of Pluto in the spring of 1915, but they were not actually recognised for what they were! And so, it could be argued, Pluto had really been found in 1915. Astrologers will see the symbolic resonances very clearly here: Lowell’s discovery was essentially hidden from him! Pluto, the Invisible, with his magic helmet shielding him from human eyes. Even with a telescope.

As we might expect, when a planet carrying the archetype of the underworld god is about to be found, the concurrent new development entering the culture would have to be psychotherapy. The practice of digging deep into unexplored territory beneath the surface of the human psyche had its genesis in the work of Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) in the early 1900’s.

‘Freud’s redefinition of sexuality to include its infantile forms led him to formulate the Oedipus complex as the central tenet of psychoanalytical theory.Concerned with the underlying mechanisms of repression – he elaborated a theory of the unconscious and overall psyche founded on the Id, ego and super-ego. He postulated the existence of libido, an energy with which mental processes and structures are invested and which generates erotic attachments, and a death drive, the source of compulsive repetition, hate, aggression and neurotic guilt.’

As noted, psychology’s aim of of digging not just into the minds’ darker interiors, but also its putrid remains is typically Plutonian – whatever is repressed needs to see the light of day, and it is fitting that Freudian psychology should develop the Id – a kind of shadow side to ourselves, the things we repress. Freud came to do nothing less than purge the soul (the word ‘psyche’ is Greek for soul, and so psychology is the study of the soul) In 1899 came Freud’s The Interpretation of Dreams, followed by The Psychopathology of Everyday Life (1901). ‘In Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality, published in 1905, Freud presents his theory of infantile sexuality, with its “polymorphous perverse” forms and the functioning of the “drives”, to which it gives rise, in the formation of sexual identity.’

What soon happened, with Pluto’s archetypal core exposed through psychoanalysis, is that our dark side emerged, and the considerable force of our unconscious Mind, and the power invested in human instincts, compulsions and sexual libido was laid bare. It was also obvious that such things might have a baneful influence on a person – as they could work in secret to undermine the structures on which we base our normal supposedly civilised existence. So very Pluto!

In literary circles, too, there was Robert Louis Stevenson, whose impressive Gothic novella, The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde was published in 1886. This may be said to prefigure Freud’s popularising the descent into human darkness. Stevenson’s depiction of the unconscious, Shadow side of human nature emerging into the light of day received even more notice when it was turned into several feature length movies, the first in 1908 , the second in 1931, coincident with the official ‘discovery’ of Pluto a year earlier. Similarly, one may cite the works of Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900) a German philosopher and cultural critic who whose influential works were composed in the 1870s and 1880s. His apocalyptic dictum that God is dead, his demand for a stripping away of conventional morality and theories on the Will to Power all come under the heading of Plutonic.

As the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy has it:

‘Thus, Nietzsche argues, we are faced with a difficult, long term restoration project in which the most cherished aspects of our way of life must be ruthlessly investigated, dismantled, and then reconstructed in healthier form.’4


Pluto, X Rays And The Bomb

“Now I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds”. This proclamation was from nuclear physicist Robert Oppenheimer, as he quoted the Hindu text the Bhagavad-Gita on seeing the first nuclear weapon explode in July, 1945, at the so-called Trinity test in New Mexico. As we now know, this destruction came to pass at the close of the second world war when the US dropped nuclear a bomb, with its Plutonium core, on Hiroshima, Japan, August 6th 1945. (A second was dropped on Nagasaki three days later.) It may truly be said that the world has never bee the same since.

Pluto rules over immensely powerful and essentially dangerous forces at work in nature – a perfect description, too, of nuclear energy. ,In the early part of the 20th century, physics underwent a revolution with a more nuanced understanding of the nature of atomic structures. Whilst Freud was uncovering the blackened recesses of the human psyche, in 1898 Pierre and Marie Curie were finding out just what dark forces Nature can unleash when ones meddles with Her. Curie and her husband discovered that pitchblende, an ore of uranium, contained a particular substance that gave off large amounts of radioactivity: this, they named radium. But the idea of using radiation as a practical therapy for diseases like cancer goes back a little further, to when x-rays were discovered in 1895. After Marie Curie’s discovery of radium, people wondered if it could be used in the same way as x-rays. As Wikipedia notes:

‘The physiological effect of radium was first observed in 1900 by Otto Walkhoff, and later confirmed by what famously known as the “Becquerel burn”. At the International Congress of Oncology in Paris in 1922, Henri Coutard, a French radiologist working with the Institut Curie, presented evidence that laryngeal cancer could be treated without disastrous side-effects. Coutard was inspired by the observations of Claudius Regaud, who found that a single dose of x-rays sufficient enough to produce severe skin damage and tissue destruction in a rabbit, if administered in fractions, over a course of days, would sterilize the rabbit but have no effect on subcutaneous tissues.’

However, by 1915, the efficacy of unrestricted radium treatment was being questioned – for it might even be making cancerous cells worse. As we’ve learned, there were parallel experiments with nuclear physics at the time – other unknown and dangerous forces that belong to the real of Pluto. Interestingly, we should here note the prescience of H. G. Wells whose novel The World Set Free, on the topic of atomic weapons, was penned 1914,. Better still, in 1921 a novel called The Secret Power appeared by English author Marie Corelli. This proved to be highly prophetic, provocative even. In it, a character named Gwent conceives a devastatingly practical use for nuclear energy: the atom bomb.

As mentioned Corelli’s book was prescient, for whilst the physicists Ernst Rutherford and Niels Bohr made their pioneering discoveries in atomic theory from about 1911, it wasn’t until 1938 that Nuclear Fission was actually discovered. This is the process by which the atomic nucleus is made to divide – the so called splitting of the atom (which is why an atom bomb is so devastating). German scientists in Berlin (Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassman) discovered that bombarding uranium with neutrons would split the uranium atom almost in half. Nuclear fission – like the chopped-down broom which resurrected into different ones in Goethe’s The Sorcerer’s Apprentice- could thereafter unleash massive amounts of energy.

Had modern physicists, interfering in Pluto’s realm, come to embody the foolish Apprentice with their dangerous occultism and magick? Einstein certainly thought so. For whilst he initially encouraged Roosevelt in a letter of 1939 to develop a nuclear program, he came to rue this: “Had I known that the Germans would not succeed in producing an atomic bomb, I would have never lifted a finger.” But, as the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada collaborated during World War II in the infamous Manhattan Project (consisting of many of the world’s top physicists) the world’s first nuclear warhead would be used to kill people.



Jupiter trine Neptune

This transit occurs rom the 1st to the 5th of Dec. and below I have listed some of the world headlines from the period of the previous trine, thus giving a ‘flavour’ of its archetypal effects. Wherever Jupiter is involved mundanely there is some kind of improvement, progress, a turnaround in fortune, even a sense of triumph or justice. (Jupiter rules the ‘spirit of the law’, too.) When coming into aspect with Jupiter, the combination with Neptune often entails matters to do with oil, gas, the sea, waterways and marine life in general (the formless often hidden elements in nature). Or it may entail the Church, the faith and the issues of world religions (our spiritual needs); or the health services, hospitals and charities in general (matters of healing and compassion). What we also see in the example for July 17th (the same sex marriage bill ) is a new freedom coming into law (Jupiter) that is essentially about the blurring (Neptune) of gender boundaries.

July 12th, 2013: In Ireland, the Dáil votes to approve the controversial Protection of Life During Pregnancy Bill 2013, which defines the circumstances and processes within which abortion in Ireland can be legally performed. Essentially it can permit abortion where pregnancy endangers a woman’s life,

July 17th: Brazil develops “superfoods” to fight hidden hunger (global issues.org)

Same-sex marriage becomes legal in England and Wales after the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Bill receives Royal Assent. (BBC)

In a new law the United Arab Emirates is offering citizens a gram of gold for every kilogram of weight they lose in an attempt to curb the rising obesity rate in the nation. (NPR)

July 18th: The Supreme Court of India has ordered acid sales to be regulated by local and national governments. Acid is mainly used for attacks on people, especially women

July 19th: The Prime Minister of Australia, Kevin Rudd, announces a plan to settle asylum seekers who come by boat in Papua New Guinea. (The Australian)

Pope Francis names a new Pontifical Commission to investigate current accounting practices among all Vatican offices and bodies and to help devise new strategies for greater fiscal responsibility and fiscal transparency. (Catholic News Service)

July 20th: Israel announces that it will release Palestinian prisoners if peace talks are resumed. (Reuters)

‘First Steps to Save Burkina Faso’s Forests’ Burkina Faso has just received a grant of 30 million dollars from the Forest Investment Programme to help protect the country’s forests and reduce greenhouse gas emissions associated with deforestation.(global issues.org).

Jul 25th : Momentum appears to be building in the push to close down the U.S. detention facility at Guantanamo Bay, where 166 inmates, 86 of whom have been cleared for release, remain held without charges. On Wednesday [24th], a U.S. Senate Judiciary subcommittee held a hearing focused specifically on the merits of shuttering the prison (global issues.org).

At the time of the December transit there may even be an easing off of austere economic measures that governments have forced upon their public – especially where hardships are presently being experienced. Jupiter-Neptune conjures up the spirit of charity and thus various concessions (by those in power) may be made to those worse off, or generally vulnerable. Good news regarding animal rights, for example, may surface. However, the world as a whole seems to have become a harsher place (mainly due to the Age of the Autocrat, as Pluto continues through Capricorn ) and so any hoped for kindness from those in power with this transit (in the name of decency and humanity) may even be a trifle optimistic.



Alan Leo, born William Frederick Allan, (7 August 1860 –30 August 1917), was a prominent British astrologer, author, publisher, astrological data collector and theosophist. He is often referred to as “the father of modern astrology”. His work stimulated a revival of astrology in the Western world after its decline at the end of the 17th century. Leo was a devout theosophist and he worked many of its religious concepts such as karma and reincarnation into his astrology. He used the Theosophical Society’s vast international connections to publish, translate and disseminate his work across Europe and America.

Leo is credited with starting the movement towards a more psychologically-oriented horoscope analysis in astrology, being the first astrologer to argue for a loose interpretation of possible trends of experience rather than the specific prediction of events. His influence has been described as marking a ‘turning point’ in horoscope delineation, because, as astrological historian James Holden explains: Thereafter, what has been more recently called “event-oriented” astrology gradually receded in favor of character analysis and vague descriptions of possible areas of psychological harmony or stress.

In 1890, Leo, invited George R.S. Mead to found an occult lodge in Brixton, South London. Towards the end of his life, in 1909, and again in 1911, Leo travelled with his wife to India where he studied Indian astrology. As a result of his studies in India, he later attempted to incorporate portions of Indian astrology into the western astrological model. Leo’s book The Art of Synthesis (1912) was a probable influence on Gustav Holst’s work The Planets. In this book, Leo gave the planets descriptions such as “Mars the Energiser”.

In 1914, aged 54, Leo faced prosecution against the charge that he “did unlawfully pretend to tell fortunes” through astrology. The case was dismissed for lack of evidence, but it led to Leo’s belief that astrology needed to be revised to be legitimised. His advice to fellow astrologers was:

‘Let us part company with the fatalistic astrologer who prides himself on his predictions and who is ever seeking to convince the world that in the predictive side of Astrology alone shall we find its value. We need not argue the point as to its reality, but instead make a much-needed change in the word and call Astrology the science of tendencies.’

In 1915 Leo founded the Astrological Lodge of London. The Progressed Horoscope (London: Fowler 1906) is a digitally restored copy for use with a PDF reader. You may share it with others freely, as it has since passed in to the Public Domain.



These are the major aspects occurring between planets for the period under consideration, together with the dates/times of the Full and New Moons.

Nov 22nd 3:06 AM Sun enters Sagittarius

Nov 22nd 2:21 PM Neptune Direct

Nov 24th 2:54 PM Mercury square Chiron

Nov 25th 10:56 AM Mercury trine Uranus

Nov 28th 5:58 AM Mercury conjunct Saturn

Dec 1st 9:14 AM Venus enters Sagittarius

Dec 1st 10:05 AM Mars opposition Uranus

Dec 3rd 2:21 AM Jupiter trine Neptune

Dec 3rd 7:34 AM Mercury Retrograde

Dec 3rd 11:44 AM Sun square Neptune

Dec 3rd 3:47 PM Full Moon 11°Gemini40′

Dec 5th 9:47 AM Chiron Direct

Dec 6th 12:05 PM Mercury conjunct Saturn

Dec 6th 3:58 PM Mercury sextile Mars

Dec 6th 9:21 PM Mars sextile Saturn

Dec 9th 8:59 AM Mars enters Scorpio

Dec 10th 9:29 AM Mercury trine Uranus

Dec 10th 1:47 PM Venus square Neptune

Dec 10th 6:33 PM Mercury square Chiron

Dec 13th 1:49 AM Sun conjunct Mercury

Dec 15th 2:08 PM Mercury conjunct Venus

Dec 16th 3:46 AM Sun square Chiron

Dec 16th 11:28 AM Sun trine Uranus

Dec 18th 6:31 AM New Moon 26°Sagittarius31′

Dec 20th 4:49 AM Saturn enters Capricorn

Dec 20th 7:10 PM Venus square Chiron

Dec 20th 11:13 PM Venus trine Uranus

Dec 21st 9:08 PM Sun conjunct Saturn


These are the times of the VOC Moon for the period under consideration; the first listed time is when the moon goes void, and the second when it ingresses the next sign. Please note that these are now listed in 24 hr clock format.

Nov 23rd 10:33 Until Nov 22nd 20:14 Aquarius

Nov 26th 2:37 Until Nov 26th 8:05 Pisces

Nov 28th 12:08 Until Nov 28th 16:30 Aries

Nov 30th 18:37 Until Nov 30th 20:28 Taurus

Dec 2nd 1:53 Until Dec 2nd 2:21 Gemini

Dec 4th 19:12 Until Dec 4th 20:37 Cancer

Dec 6th 17:55 Until Dec 6th 20:37 Leo

Dec 8th 22:39 Until Dec 8th 23:08 Virgo

Dec 11th 3:02 Until Dec 11th 5:02 Libra

Dec 13th 12:27 Until Dec 13th 13:58 Scorpio

Dec 15th 1:43 Until Dec 16th 1:08 Sagittarius

Dec 18th 13:09 Until Dec 18th 13:34 Capricorn

Dec 20th 15:37 Until Dec 21st 2:29 Aquarius


The Centaurs

The so called Kuiper Belt was discovered in 1992, named after the Dutch astronomer Gerald Kuiper (d. 1973) whose calculations had indicated its existence. It entails, perhaps, billions of tiny celestial bodies, some of which are now our ‘Centaur’ family in astrology. The most popular of these (and one which is being used regularly in chart interpretation) is Chiron. Many other Centaur planets, however, are now on the researcher’s radar – and some have been included here in this small ephemeris. We will be looking in more detail at what individual Centaurs actually mean on a birth chart in future editions of the Newsletter, but collectively – according to Juan Antonio Revilla –‘they represent raw impulses and needs in man that clash with the normal order of things … making us face a lost part of ourselves, so that the experience becomes both intense and healing, making us more whole.’ This means they are about digging deep inside of our soul and accepting that we’re not perfect – that we all contain the flaws, scars and wounds that Chiron (and the other Centaurs) symbolise. In the end, they are ultimately about, as Revilla says, self healing and becoming whole, but the journey has to begin with self-acceptance.

                                         Short Centaur Ephemeris

                  Chiron  Pholus  Nessus Asbolus Chariklo Hylonome

17th Nov 24  Pi28   27Sa29 4Pi19 16Ge51 10Cp59   5Cp58

27th Nov 24  Pi21   27Sa51 4Pi20 16Ge26 11Cp35   6Cp23

07th Dec 24   Pi19   28Sa14 4Pi26 16Ge00 12Cp14   6Cp50

17th Dec 24   Pi23   28Sa38 4Pi35 15Ge34 12Cp56   7Cp18

27th Dec 24   Pi32   29Sa02 4Pi48 15Ge09 13Cp39   7Cp47

The Asteroids

The small cosmic bodies that make up the so called asteroid belt have been know to astrologers for a long time. They were first discovered in the early nineteenth century, and the more common of these (the first four discovered) were named after female deities in Gerek myth: Ceres (the goddess of the harvest), Pallas (a synonym for the Goodess of wisdom, Athene), Juno (the partner of Zeus/Jupiter) and the hearth goddess, Vesta. It should be noted, too, that Ceres (discovered in 1801) was upgraded to a minor planet in 2006. Below you will find an introduction to these fascinating cosmic bodies which may prove crucial to understanding your chart.

                     Short Asteroid Ephemeris

                 Ceres   Pallas   Juno      Vesta

21st Nov 15Le58 28Ar41 20Cp22 2Sc28

25th Nov 16Le35 27Ar43 21Cp46 4Sc31

29th Nov 17Le06 26Ar54 23Cp13 6Sc34

3rd Dec   17Le31 26Ar13 24Cp42 8Sc36

7th Dec   17Le51 25Ar42 26Cp12 10Sc38

11th Dec 18Le04 25Ar20 27Cp44 12Sc39

15th Dec 18Le11 25Ar08 29Cp17 14Sc40

19th Dec 18Le11 25Ar06 0Aq52   16Sc41 

1. Inventing Human Science : Eighteenth-Century Domains, Fox, Christopher, University Of California Press, 1995
2. From Ovid, Metamorphoses (Book I; Fable Ii)
3. Percy Bysse Shelley, Prometheus Unbound, Harvard University Library, copyright, 1899, Edited By By Vida D. Scudder
4. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/nietzsche/#CritReliMora
(Non original text – Wikipedia)

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